Ozone was first isolated in the 19th century and given the name “ozone”, meaning to smell in Greek, due to its characteristic odour.
The oxygen in the air we breathe is a diatomic gas. Ozone is a triatomic gaseous form of oxygen which is colourless at normal concentrations. This third oxygen atom is only loosely held in the molecular structure and readily takes part in reactions giving ozone its powerful oxidising properties. It is the powerful oxidising nature of ozone which has led to its use in disinfection, odour treatment and a host of other chemical processes.
In addition to being a powerful oxidising agent, ozone is unstable and naturally decays back into oxygen. This instability means that the gas must be generated at the point of use (in situ)using an ozone generator. No chemicals are stored and the production of ozone stops when the ozone generator is turned off. The ozone decays back to oxygen over a period of a few minutes or hours depending on the process environmental conditions.
Although ozone is a gas it can be dissolved in water where it can be used as a primary disinfectant, flocculent aid and chemical oxidant. As in air, the ozone naturally decays back into oxygen leaving no residual.
As with all chemicals, ozone has a workplace exposure level. All systems using ozone must be designed to provide the desired process outcome whilst maintaining the highest degree of safety for workers and the public. Ozone Industries Ltd has many years of experience in the use of ozone from small-scale washroom applications to large-scale bespoke systems. Please contact us to discuss your particular application.